Diabetes mellitus is a disease that blocks the body from using the energy from the eaten food. Diabetes occurs in one of the below statuses:
The pancreas produces little insulin or no insulin at all. Insulin is a hormone, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, which helps the body use sugar for energy.
The pancreas produces insulin, but the produced insulin does not work as it should. This condition is called insulin resistance.
Your body consists of millions of cells. The cells need food in a very simple form to make energy. When you eat or drink, much of your food is dissociated to a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose provides the energy your body needs for your daily activities.
The blood vessels and blood are the highways that transport sugar from where it is taken in the stomach and manufactured in the liver to the cells to use it in muscles or store as fat. Sugar cannot enter the cells by itself. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood, which acts as the helper that lets sugar into the cells for use as energy.
When sugar enters the cells, the blood sugar level is lowered. Without insulin sugar cannot enter the body’s cells for use as energy. This causes sugar to rise. A high amount of sugar in the blood is called “hyperglycemia”
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes occurs because beta cells that produce insulin are damaged or The pancreas produces little or no insulin, so sugar cannot get into the body’s cells for use as energy. Type 1 diabetes patients must use insulin injections to control their blood glucose. Type 1 is the most common form of diabetes in people who are under a urs most often in people who are over 40 years old but can occur in childhood.
Type 2 diabetes may sometimes be controlled by diet and weight management. However, treatment also may include oral glucose-lowering medications or insulin injections.