Kidneys are small, but they perform many important functions that help to maintain your health, like filtering wastes and excess fluids from your blood. kidney disease may lead to kidney failure and a need for dialysis treatments or a kidney transplant. The following are the causes of kidney disease.

In the United States the leading causes of kidney failure called end stage kidney disease, are diabetes (Type 2) and high blood pressure. When these two diseases are controlled by treatment, the associated kidney disease can be slowed down or prevented.

Many drugs are available to treat high blood pressure. In addition, healthy lifestyle, such as losing weight and exercise

control of blood sugar in diabetics helps to prevent  complications like kidney disease, coronary heart disease. When diabetics have high blood pressure, special drugs called (ACE) inhibitors may help to protect kidney function.

The third cause of end stage kidney disease is glomerulonephritis, a disease that damages the kidneys called the glomeruli.

The kidneys can be damaged by abuse of the counter pain killers and by using drugs like heroin. Some of these diseases can be treated. In other cases, treatments can help to slow the disease and prolonging life.

 kidney failure disease occurs when about 90 percent of kidney function has been lost. People with kidney failure may suffer from nausea, vomiting, weakness, confusion, difficulty concentrating, and loss of appetite. Kidney disease can be diagnosed by blood and urine tests.